What Is Assertiveness?:
Assertiveness is the ability to express ones feelings and assert ones rights while respecting the feelings and rights of others. Assertive communication is appropriately direct, open and honest, and clarifies ones needs to the other person. Assertiveness comes naturally to some, but is a skill that can be learned. People who have mastered the skill of assertiveness are able to greatly reduce the level of interpersonal conflict in their lives, thereby reducing a major source of stress.
How Does Assertiveness Compare to Other Behavior?:
Sometimes people confuse aggressiveness
with assertiveness, seeing that both types of behavior involve standing up for ones rights and expressing ones needs. The key difference between the two styles is that individuals behaving assertively will express themselves in ways that respect the other person. They assume the best about people, respect themselves, and think win-win and try to compromise.
In contrast, individuals behaving aggressively will tend to employ tactics that are disrespectful, manipulative, demeaning, or abusive. They make negative assumptions about the motives of others and think in retaliatory terms, or they dont think of the other persons point of view at all. They win at the expense of others, and create unnecessary conflict.
Passive individuals dont know how to adequately communicate their feelings and needs to others. They tend to fear conflict so much that they let their needs go unmet and keep their feelings secret in order to keep the peace. They let others win while they lose out; the problem with this (which Ill go into in more detail momentarily) is that everybody involved loses, at least to an extent.
What Does Assertiveness Look Like?:
Here are some common scenarios, with examples of each style of behavior:
Scenario A: Someone cuts in front of you at the supermarket.
An aggressive response would be to assume they did it on purpose and angrily say, Hey, jackass, no cuts!
A passive response would be to just let the person stay in front of you.
An assertive response would be to assume that they may not have seen you in line, and politely say, Excuse me, but I was in line.
Your friend, who can be quite verbose, calls to vent about her bad day. Unfortunately, you have a lot of work to do and dont have time to talk.
An aggressive response would be to become angry that she obviously doesnt respect your time, cut her off, and sarcastically say, Oh, get over it! I have my own problems!
A passive response would be to let her talk for as long as she needs, and figure that your deadline can suffer; she needs your help.
An assertive response would be to listen for a minute or two, then compassionately say, Wow, it sounds like youre having a tough day! Id love to talk to you about it, but I dont have the time right now. Can we talk later tonight?
Get the idea?
What Are the Benefits of Assertiveness?:
Assertiveness affects many areas of life. Assertive people tend to have fewer conflicts in their dealings with others, which translates into much less stress in their lives. They get their needs met (which also means less stressing over unmet needs), and help others get their needs met, too. Having stronger, more supportive relationships virtually guarantees that, in a bind, they have people they can count on, which also helps with stress management, and even leads to a healthier body.
Contrasting with this, aggressiveness tends to alienate others and create unnecessary stress. Those on the receiving end of aggressive behavior tend to feel attacked and often avoid the aggressive individual, understandably. Over time, people who behave aggressively tend to have a string of failed relationships and little social support, and they dont always understand that this is related to their own behavior. Ironically, they often feel like victims, too.
Passive people aim to avoid conflict by avoiding communication about their needs and feelings, but this behavior damages relationships in the long run. They may feel like victims, but continue to avoid confrontation, becoming increasingly angry until, when they finally do say something, it comes out aggressively. The other party doesnt even know theres a problem until the formerly passive individual virtually explodes! This leads to hard feelings, weaker relationships, and more passivity.
How Does One Become More Assertive?:
The first step in becoming more assertive is to take an honest look at yourself and your responses, to see where you currently stand. The answers to the following questions will help clue you in:
- Do you have difficulty accepting constructive criticism?
- Do you find yourself saying yes to requests that you should really say no to, just to avoid disappointing people?
- Do you have trouble voicing a difference of opinion with others?
- Do people tend to feel alienated by your communication style when you do disagree with them?
- Do you feel attacked when someone has an opinion different from your own?
If you answered yes to several of these, you may benefit from learning assertiveness skills
Knowing where you stand on the assertiveness spectrum, and knowing where you want to be, you can read more on assertiveness training, develop a win-win mentality, and begin becoming more assertive today!