- Perfectionist Tendencies: Striving to do your best is a sign of a hard worker and can be a positive trait that leads to excellence. However, perfectionism can cause excessive stress and sometimes be crippling. Whats the difference between striving for excellence and being a perfectionist? Perfectionists beat themselves up if everything isnt perfect, whereas mere hard workers are happy with a near-perfect job well done. Perfectionists sometimes wont even try to accomplish a task because theyre too terrified of failurewhich can be defined as anything less than perfect! If youre a perfectionist, you should practice forgiving yourself for being human, and congratulate yourself for being great (even when youre human).
- Pessimism: Pessimists tend to see the world as more threatening than optimists. They worry more about things going wrong, expect more bad things than good, believe in themselves less, and have other key differences. Pessimists cause themselves unnecessary stress in many everyday situations, putting themselves at an increased risk for burnout. Fortunately, optimism can be learned, to a degree. (Not sure if youre an optimist or a pessimist? Take this quiz.)
- Excitability: Some people are just naturally more excitable than others. They have a stronger response to stress, and its triggered more easily. (These differences can be observed in very young babies and tend to be stable over a persons lifetime.) Theres not much you can do to change your bodys chemistry, but you can practice tension relieving strategies that can help you calm down when you do get stressed, and you can practice positive self talk strategies so you perceive situations as less threatening.
- Type A Personality: Youve probably heard of Type A Personalities, which put people at an increased risk for cardiac disease and other health and lifestyle difficulties. While many people know what a Type A personality is, the two cardinal characteristics are 1) time impatience and 2) free-floating hostility. Being Type A (or working closely with someone who is) can cause additional and chronic stress, increasing burnout risk. If you find yourself being impatient with people and lifes minor hassles, and having trouble keeping from lashing out at people, you may be Type A. If so, here are some ways to deal with Type A tendencies.
- Poor Fit for the Job: Are you detail-oriented, or do you look at the overall big picture? Do you tend toward extroversion, or are you more comfortable away from lots of people? Do you like structure, or flexibility? If your lifes work requires skills that fit your strengths, you will tend to feel happier with what you do; however, if your personality doesnt mesh with your job description, you will feel stressed much of the time, and be at an increased risk for burnout. Not sure if you and your lifestyle are a good match? This test has been widely given to help people understand how their personality characteristics differ from other peoples, and see their inborn strengths and weaknesses. I recommend that you take it, to get to know yourself better so youll know if you and your job are a good match.
- Lack of Belief in What You Do: Some jobs are poorly compensated, but supply great rewards in terms of making a difference in the lives of others and making the world a better place. For those who believe in what theyre doing, stress is less of a factor; however, if you dont believe in your lifes work, its harder to put up with the difficulties that come with it. Whether youve become disillusioned with your job, you went into your field for the wrong reasons, your values conflict with those of a company you work for, or you never really believed in what you were doing in the first place, if your lifes work conflicts with your values, the cognitive dissonance created by doing something you dont believe in day after day can take a toll and lead to an increased risk for burnout.
What Causes Burnout?
Burnout has many causes. They fall into the main categories relating to job structure, lifestyle features, and individual personality characteristics. For more on the causes of burnout, read the following articles: